Thứ Tư, 10 tháng 12, 2008
Guangxi To Build Big Base Of Non-grain Ethanol Fuel
Shanghai, December 8, 2008: (Gasgoo.com) China will build its largest production base of non-grain bio-ethanol fuel in a southern province to mix with or replace the gasoline and diesel oil for vehicle use, reported Shanghai-based Jiefang Daily last week. Global automakers have seen the promise of the new-generation ethanol fuel development in China.
In April, China successfully replaced the gasoline and diesel oil with bio-ethanol fuel in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and gas stations in 14 cities of Guangxi started to sell bio-ethanol. Some locally produced fuel ethanol is also mixed in a ratio of 10% with the ordinary gasoline to produce ethanol gasoline. The large ethanol refiner of Guangxi's Beihai city now can produce 200,000 tons of ethanol annually out of about 1.5 million tonnes of cassava.
Guangxi is the first Chinese province to use cassava instead of grain to produce ethanol. Guangxi's output of cassava accounted for more than 60% of the country's total, with an output of 7.8 million tons a year. China has forbidden using grain for ethanol production last year to guarantee the supply of food. Now, about ten other Chinese provinces are using ethanol fuel. The country's ethanol fuel sales will reach 30 million tonnes in 2010 to make up half of the total gasoline supplies.
Although it strongly advocates the development of non-grain ethanol fuel, China is still not a leading player in the R&D of this field. Coskata, a biology-based renewable energy company in the U.S., is devoted to projects of developing non-grain ethanol fuel. By August, there were more than 40 pilot projects of cellulose ethanol fuel worldwide, but only two of them in China.
Global carmakers are optimistic about the prospects of the new-generation ethanol fuel development in China. Some are trying to carry out new energy strategy to support development of auto energy and transportation system in the country. On October 20, GM held a media workshop to share its world-leading technologies in sustainable bio-fuels with China.
Ethanol fuel will help China, the world's second largest auto market, ease the shortage of energy supply, and cut the carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide emissions by about 30% and 10% respectively. China may have 60,000 new energy vehicles by 2012 and the government will focus on boosting the annual production of clean-energy vehicles.
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